It’s a popular saying that a woman’s vanity is vacant without foundation, compact and a concealer. They are designed for all kinds of the epidermis. But, selecting according to your complexion and need is essential. Just as foundation form the base for your makeup, compacts are used as a light cover-up. This works best for shiny epidermis or oily skin. The powders are designated to coordinate the fluid fundamentals. Concealers are intended to be used over undressed epidermis. It is better to choose a natural color that combinations well with your complexion. They come in a number of remedies and are to be used by the pat-and-blend strategy.

You’ve to consider 3 things to decide how to choose foundation shade:-

  1. Skin Type
  2. Shade
  3. Coverage                         

How To Figure out Your Skin Type

1. Wash your face with a cleanser. Dry yourself and wait for 30 minutes. Do not touch the face.
2. Take some tissues and press them on different areas of your face; chin area, nasal area, middle of cheeks, external cheeks, middle of the forehead, and external forehead.
3. Analyze the tissues for shiny or flaky remains. You can determine your skin as follows:

a. If the tissues stick, become little greasy or transparent your skin is greasy.
b. If the tissues are greasy only on T areas (center of the forehead, nasal area, chin area and middle of cheeks), you have a mixture skin.
c. If the tissues are not greasy but have flaky remains, you have a dried-out skin.
d. No oil areas and no flaky remains mean you can provide us some money. You have a normal kind of skin.

skin types


Normal Skin: – fortunate you! You can use just about any foundation from mineral powder to tinted moisturizer; depending on your requisite coverage & shade.

Dry Skin: You should add wetness in your product. The foremost ones for dry skin are oil-based foundations (oil based tinted moisturizer for light coverage & oil-based cream or liquid products for heavier coverage), mousse product, tinted moisturizers & mineral product. Look for words like hydrating & moisturizing while looking for a product for dry skin. Avoid matte ones as they will make your look bovine.

Oily Skin: – A greasy skin releases enough oil on its own so use only an oil-free liquid foundation or moisturizers. A matte finish one is also outstanding for controlling buttery shine and brain wave shine later. Use a pressed powder after your liquid foundation to set it right.

Combination Skin: – If you have a normal-dry skin but an oily t-zone (nose and chin area & the skin below forehead), you should debar normal liquid foundations. The best foundation for this is the powder one followed by 2nd best one for combination skin– liquid to powder foundations.

Sensitive Skin: Easily irritated skin, can be fidgety and reddens easily. Use hypoallergenic cleansing lotion and unperfumed moisturizer for this kind of skin.


How to Choose Foundation Shade According to shade


skin tones



  • It is always safer to opt for a water-based foundation.
  • A sheer foundation and a good concealer are musts for creating the illusion for a perfect skin.
  • While applying foundation, your aim should be for a lighter coverage.
  • Add a drop of water to the foundation to blend well.
  • Dab compact after the foundation is applied. This will give the skin sheen and will not make it look too heavy.
  • Avoid applying too much of compact powder. And dust off all the excess.


  • Earthy shades go very well with wheatish complexion.
  • Choose a concealer and foundation which have yellow pigments.
  • Never use a foundation which has a pinkish tone; this will make your skin look grey.
  • Apply a compact after the foundation to lend a smooth surface to your skin.


  • Determine whether your fairness is rosy pink or pale gold.
  • According to the tone, select a shade which is closer to your skin shade.
  • Select warmer tones for an even complexion.

How to Choose Foundation Shade According to Coverage

  • Sheer – This is the lightest coverage for those people who want to just even out their skin tone & have a natural look.
  • Medium – These foundations are thicker in consistency and provide some coverage for people with blemishes, discolorations or other minor imperfections.
  • Full – This helps erase severe imperfections such as acne scars. Also, it’s the best form of foundation to use for photo shoots or for occasions like wedding etc.

Types of foundation

Cream foundation


  • Ideal for normal, combination and dry skin types. It is specially suited for women with uneven pigmentation, or those requiring a heavy coverage.
  • Lends medium or full coverage.
  • Has a dewy finish.
  • Covers and conceals discolourations and imperfections on the skin and provides a flawless finish.



Liquid foundation


  • Is ideal for all skin types. It is well-suited for dry or mature skin.
  • Lends a light to medium coverage.
  • Has a satin, matte or dewy finish depending on the formulation.
  • It evens out the skin tone by smoothing out any unevenness. It also provides added moisture to the skin.









Pressed powder foundation


  • Is ideal for oily skin.
  • Lends a light to medium coverage.
  • Has a matte finish look.
  • Evens out the skin tone, hides the imperfections and absorbs the excess oil.
  • Should be applied with the help of a powder brush. The bristles should be dense.





Mineral foundation


  • Ideal for all skin types, except oily. It is specially suited for those with sensitive skin or Rosacea.
  • Lends a matte finish look.
  • Has a light to medium coverage.
  • Evens out the skin tone, moisturises, protects and absorbs the excess oil.
  • Use a kabuki brush to buff it on.







Tinted moisturising foundation


  • Ideal for normal and dry skin.
  • It is well-suited for those who need extra hydration and just a touch of colour to pull it off.
  • Lends a sheer to light coverage.
  • Lightly evens out the skin tone, giving a nude or a natural look.







Products Recommended


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Read about blush here

How to Find the Perfect Blush for Your Complexion